Duchamp, Marcel


Duchamp, Marcel
(1887-1968)
   painter
   Marcel Duchamp, who has had a major influence on modern art, was born in Blainville-Crevon, the brother of the artists Raymond duchamp-villon, suzanne duchamp, and jacques villon. His early works, which he began at age 15, were in the impressionist style. Later, he moved to fauvism (À propos de jeune Soeur, 1911; Yvonne et Magdeleine déchiquetées, 1911; Jeune homme triste dans un train, 1911; Le Roi et la Reine entourés de nus vites, 1912), and works of this period show the influence of paul cézanne. Duchamp then moved to cubism, and his famous Nu descendant un escalier (Nude Descending a Staircase; 1912) caused an uproar when shown in Paris and later in New York City at the Armory show, the first major exhibition of modern art in the United States. His nonconformism is also evident in his Moulin à café (1911) and Broyeuse de chocolat (1913), and he continued to court controversy with his "readymades," assemblages from ordinary materials, in particular his bicycle wheel mounted on a kitchen stool (1913), and a reversed urinal, entitled Fontaine (1917), and signed R. Mutt, and a Mona Lisa with a mustache, entitled L.H.O.O.Q. (1917), an acronym with a risqué sexual connotation. He also in this period produced his mysterious masterpiece, La Mariée mise à nu par ses célibataires, même (1915-23), a complex work made of foil, oil paint, and wire forms set between large panes of glass. Duchamp also produced a short motion picture, Anémic cinéma, with Man Ray (1926), and one of his last works is a monumental and also controversial piece assembled out of various materials and entitled Étant donnés: 1 la chute d'eau, 2 le gaz d'éclairage (1946-66).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Duchamp, Marcel — born July 28, 1887, Blainville, France died Oct. 2, 1968, Neuilly French artist and art innovator. In 1913 he caused a sensation at the Armory Show with his painting Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912), which combined the principles of… …   Universalium

  • Duchamp, Marcel — (7/28/1887 Blainville 10/2/ 1968 Neuilly sur Seine) (France / USA)    Painter, sculptor, and writer. From a family of artists, studied at the Academie Julian in Paris. A major figure in early 20th century art, especially influential as proponent… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Duchamp, Marcel — ► (1887 1968) Pintor francés. Impresionista hasta 1913, cuando llegó a una acentuada disolución de las formas y se hizo famoso con su Desnudo bajando una escalera. Influido por el surrealismo, creó los ready made, la transformación de objetos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Duchamp,Marcel — Du·champ (do͞o shäɴʹ, dü), Marcel. 1887 1968. French born modernist artist and a leader of the Dada movement in New York City who was the first to exhibit commonplace objects as art. His paintings include Nude Descending a Staircase (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Duchamp, Marcel —  (1887–1968) French painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Duchamp — Duchamp, Marcel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marcel Duchamp — Duchamp redirects here. For other uses, see Duchamp (disambiguation). Marcel Duchamp Marcel Duchamp playing chess in 1952. (Kay Bell Reynal photo in the Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art.) Birth name …   Wikipedia

  • Marcel Duchamp — (* 28. Juli 1887 in Blainville Crevon; † 2. Oktober 1968 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcel Duchamps — Marcel Duchamp Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duchamp. Marcel Duchamp Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcel Duchamp — «Duchamp» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Duchamp (desambiguación). Marcel Duchamp Nacimiento 28 de julio de 1887 …   Wikipedia Español


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